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Thirtieth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year C,
Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.
The presider may speak these before the first and second readings, and before rising for the gospel acclamation. Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.
|Thirtieth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year C, October 27, 2013|
Before the first reading:
The late Wisdom writer Sirach reminds the poor and humble of another way that God's preferences and assumptions differ from ours.
Between psalm and second reading:
In ancient times, a libation was a ritual pouring of a liquid over the victim in a sacrifice ceremony. Though he escaped condemnation in an earlier trial, Saint Paul is realistic about his prospects in a coming trial.
Before the gospel acclamation:
Saint Luke is the evangelist most emphatic about God's mercy and preference for the poor and humble. Jesus contrasts the empty accomplishments of the self-righteous with the modesty of those who depend only on God.
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The historical, theological background: By this time in Israel's history (Sirach is from around 175 BCE), Israel's great theological battles about monotheism are over, the kings have come and gone, and the Exile is a distant memory. The prophets have been silent for a long time, and many Jews are living in cities where pagans are the majorities (although Sirach was written in Jerusalem). In these circumstances, writers asked how one should live a good life, what moral and spiritual choices should one make, what behavior is honorable in a religious person?
The lector would do well to read all of Sirach, chapter 35, for it begins with a discussion of what kind of sacrifice is truly acceptable to God. Early, primitive, materialistic religion had assumed that gods are pleased only with perfect material sacrifices. So there is the spotless lamb, the firstfruits of the harvest, and, in extreme cases, firstborn sons and virgin daughters. Ancient Israel grew out of this immature stance, realizing that God could not be comprehended in mere physical terms, nor placated by mere physical sacrifices, no matter how excellent.The specifics: In the book of Sirach, what does chapter 35 call worthy of sacrifice to God?
Your proclamation: It can be a pitfall of the poor and simple to assume they're not as good as the prosperous and stylish, and to feel that God favors them less than the rich. You might ask whether you spontaneously feel that way yourself sometimes. Sirach the wisdom writer, like the prophets before him, knows better. He wants to reassure the ordinary believers that God hears their prayers. That should be the lector's goal today, too.
Note the one-two, one-two rhythm of these sentences, common in Sirach:
|Though not unduly partial toward the weak,||yet he hears the cry of the oppressed.|
|He is not deaf to the wail of the orphan,||nor to the widow when she pours out her complaint;|
|He who serves God willingly is heard;||his petition reaches the heavens.|
|The prayer of the lowly pierces the clouds;||it does not rest till it reaches its goal,|
The Theological Details: All the wisdom of Sirach notwithstanding, Saint Paul sees his imminent martyrdom in terms of sacrificial worship. That's what he means by the expression, "I am already being poured out like a libation." The New Jerusalem Bible (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1985) says in a footnote to this verse, "Libations of wine, water or oil were poured over the victims not only in gentile sacrifices but also in Jewish ones, see Exodus 29:40; Numbers 28:7."
The second paragraph is about Paul's temporary vindication in a first trial. He gives the glory to God, and exults that even Gentiles got to hear the gospel by way of his testimony on that occasion. But, though saved once from the lion's mouth, he's realistic in predicting that he's bound for the Lord's heavenly kingdom.
Your proclamation: Knowing the author's mindset and purpose, try to sound like he would sound either dictating this to a scribe or speaking it to its original audience (in this case, a young bishop and his congregation in a still young church).
|Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular. |
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
|Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.||
Saint Louis University's excellent new liturgy site
Most welcome here are Reginald Fuller's commentaries. Caveat lector! As of August 31, 2013, Lector's Notes author is guessing about the exact web address of the SLU offerings. If you get "Error 404, page not found," try this link.
Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson's notes for a study group
Dan covers Jeremiah 14:7-10, 19-22 and Sirach 35:12-17 as alternate first readings today
|The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes||Archived weekly column of Father Francis X. Cleary, S.J. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137.)(2001 column on today's gospel).|
The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.