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Twenty-ninth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year B, October 21, 2012 Lectionary index # 146B

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.

Who should announce these before the first and second readings, and before the gospel acclamation? They're not Scripture, nor homiletic, so they shouldn't be delivered from the ambo. They're a modest teaching. So let the presider say them from the chair. Let the lector turn toward the presider and listen.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.

Twenty-ninth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year B, October 21, 2012
Before the first reading:

The middle part of the book of the prophet Isaiah contains four poems that we now call the songs of the suffering servant. His suffering wasn't punishment for sin. It mysteriously offered justification to others. Jesus, and the gospel writers, meditated on these passages.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

The author of the Letter to the Hebrews writes to Jewish converts who had been cut off from the comforts of their historic roots. Today he explains why Jesus is a greater priest than the priests they had lost in Judaism.
Before the gospel acclamation:

In two related sayings, Jesus asks his disciples to think differently about their status and ambition, and to choose their place in light of his own coming suffering and death.

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First reading, Isaiah 53:10-11 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Our Liturgical Setting: As usual, the first reading prepares us to hear today's gospel, Mark 10:35-45. That passage seems to be about ambition and dominance versus humility. But two portentous sentences in the middle and one at the end get at the real message of Mark's gospel, that Jesus accomplishes his mission not by working miracles and teaching, but by suffering, dying and rising. Those are what give weight to Jesus' teaching about humility, and make this first reading so appropriate.

The Literary Setting: For the first reading is part of one of the famous four passages, from the second part of Isaiah, known as the Songs of the Suffering Servant. The Servant is a mysterious figure in Isaiah; it's not clear whether the prophet meant to speak of a single individual or to speak collectively about the remnant of faithful people within Israel. Another interpretation considers the Servant a religious reformer*. This servant accomplishes his mission by suffering. (This reverses an older Old Testament notion that suffering is always punishment for sin (John J. Collins). So it prepares us to wrestle with the sufferings of the innocent Jesus. Indeed Jesus saw aspects of his life and mission foreshadowed in these songs. And the church proclaims two of the Servant Songs every Holy Week. For the record, the passages are: Isaiah 42:1-9, Isaiah 49:1-6, Isaiah 50:4-7, and Isaiah 52:13-53:12)

Your Proclamation: Read this slowly and solemnly. Not too solemnly, though, because there are four things mentioned that the Servant can hope for: to see his descendants, that the will of the Lord shall be accomplished, to see light, to justify many ("The righteous one, my servant, shall make many righteous," as another translation has it).

Second Reading, Hebrews 4:14-16 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Historical Situation: Remember that the Letter to the Hebrews was written to bolster the faith of Jewish converts to Christianity; they suffered the contempt of old Jewish friends who had not converted, and felt nostalgia for institutions of Judaism (rituals, sacrifices, priesthood, etc.) that were absent or greatly transformed in their new religion. This letter tries to show them how they have it better now than they did before. (For more on this, see last week's lector notes).

In the early Christian milieu where this was written, "priest" still meant the priests of Judaism. (Leaders of the nascent church were the overseers (bishops) who succeeded the apostles, and, on the more local level, elders who had not taken on the title "priest" yet.) The Jewish converts to Christ don't have anymore the priests they were used to. The author of Hebrews argues that Jesus is priest enough for them, and a better one than the ones they've lost, because He is so much like us in our fragile, suffering humanity. We can approach his throne of grace confidently because he understands us.

The Theological Background: So logically, what's going on here? The writer is worried that some in his audience are going to abandon the faith. To warn them, he appeals to the memory that many Israelites were unfaithful during the Exodus, and God prevented them from entering "the rest" that was their destination in the Promised Land. (Then the author meanders into a discussion of Sabbath rest, starting with God's resting after six days of creation.) A third rest is our hoped-for rest in heaven. That's where Jesus, our high priest, has already preceded us, "we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens," he says. That our priest is already there and that he has these qualities that make him sympathetic to us (he was tempted, too, "tested in every way") should keep us from abandoning our struggle. Let us hold fast to our profession of faith, as an older translation has it [confession, in the NAB translation, means profession, not admission of guilt].

Your Proclamation: I would prepare to proclaim this by meditating a while about the congregation who is to hear me, and my place in that assembly. To some extent, we're all struggling, tempted to give up, nostalgic for things we'll never recover, tired of our journey, coping poorly with rapid change. We've been steeped in many propositions about Jesus over the years, emphasizing different aspects of the mystery that is Christ. Today we need to be reminded that he shared our struggle-prone human nature fully, and that he's reliably loyal to us. So you'll speak confidently, of course, but your confidence will be suffused with sympathy, for you and your listeners are in the same situation, the same one that Jesus chose.

* "The main thought is that the Servant is to be the instrument in establishing the true religion, by removing the burden of guilt and bringing many to righteousness. As the reward of his sufferings he will enjoy a brilliant future and have a numerous spiritual offspring. He will become a great power in the world, attaining a position like that of a mighty conqueror. The idea of a resurrection from the dead appears to be necessarily implied."
J. Skinner, The Book of the Prophet Isaiah: Chapters XL-LXVI: Cambridge University Press, 1954, p.146, cited on
Dan Nelson's page. (This is a locally cached copy of Dan's page, created to overcome a technical problem with his original.)

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Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson's notes for a study group. (This is a locally cached copy of Dan's page, created to overcome a technical problem with his original.)
Dan covers Hebrews 5:1-10 as second reading today.

Archived weekly column of Father Francis X. Cleary, S.J. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137)

Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: courtesy of The Evangelist, official publication of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany, New York, or of The Belleville Messenger, of the Diocese of Belleville.

Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.

The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes Saint Louis University's excellent site for Sunday liturgy

Most welcome here are Reginald Fuller's commentaries.

The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.

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Last modified: October 10, 2012