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Twelfth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year A, June 22, 2014

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.

Who should announce these before the first and second readings, and before the gospel acclamation? They're not Scripture, nor homiletic, so they shouldn't be delivered from the ambo. They're a modest teaching. So let the presider say them from the chair. Let the lector turn toward the presider and listen.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.


June 22, 2014
Before the first reading:

About 600 years before Jesus, Jeremiah prophesied in Jerusalem. Political intrigue and religious laxity had corrupted the society. For speaking the truth about it, the prophet made enemies, and he speaks of them now.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

Saint Paul speaks of the differences between Adam and the Risen Jesus. He applies these differences to life under the old Law of Moses and our new life in Christ.
Before the gospel acclamation:

Concern for their honor made ancient Middle-Eastern people practice much secrecy and deception. Jesus predicts a new openness and requires truthfulness on the part of his disciples.

To pay for use of the words above, please subtract an equal number of optional words from other places in the liturgy (click here for some suggestions).

First reading, Jeremiah 20:10-13

Our Liturgical Setting: Our gospel readings this year take us chapter by chapter through Matthew. This first reading is chosen to prepare us for today's gospel, Matthew 10:26-33.

The Historical Situation: Jeremiah lived from about 650 B.C. to perhaps 580 B.C. Most of his work was in Judah's capital Jerusalem. He tried to keep the people and several kings faithful to God amidst an atmosphere of political intrigue and backstabbing like that which prevails in this writer's own capital today. Thus he had enemies and faithless friends, of whom we hear in this passage.

Proclaiming It: The reading is challenging for the lector because it contains three voices and three addressees. There is the overall narrator, there is Jeremiah himself, and there are his enemies. The narrator tells us "Jeremiah said," Jeremiah tells us "I hear my enemies saying ...," and the enemies say to one another, "Let us denounce him." Some of what Jeremiah says seems to be spoken to himself or to the narrator. But then there are the sentences Jeremiah speaks directly to God.

You can help the assembly understand this by the way you intone it or the way you phrase it. The more challenging path is to try to speak (intone, if you will) each different speaker's lines in a different register of your voice. If that seems daunting, try pausing before each change of speaker. It would be OK to make light pencil marks in the book you'll be reading from, if that will help you remember where to pause or change your tone. In any case, read the passage to yourself several times, noting where the changes come.

Second Reading, Romans 5:12-15

The Theological Background: The "one man" through whom sin entered the world is, of course, Adam. Paul is describing Jesus as a new Adam, founder of a new humanity. Where the first Adam brought sin and death into the world, the second Adam brings grace and life.

Remember that much of Romans is about whether Christians need to keep the Law of Moses. The Law was a good thing (so we capitalize it) in that it helped Israel distinguish itself from pagan neighbors. The Law detailed a way of life fitting for God's chosen people. But the individual's inability to keep the Law led Paul to see it as a source of judgment, condemnation, even despair.

Proclaiming It: The passage speaks directly of the contrast between death (from Adam) and life (from Jesus), and you should try to bring out that contrast with your voice while proclaiming it. There is also a hint of what Paul expounds elsewhere in Romans (and Galatians as well as other letters), the contrast between the Law that condemns and the faith that liberates.

Extra! Each Sunday passage from Romans in context: Click here to see a table summarizing the readings from Romans from the 9th to the 24th Sundays of Ordinary Time, this year.

Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson posts notes for a study group covering our first reading and gospel here,

and here, most verses of our second reading.
Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: courtesy of The Evangelist, official publication of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany, New York, or of The Belleville Messenger, of the Diocese of Belleville.

Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.

The 2002 column of Jesuit Father Francis X. Cleary. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137.) From the site of the Saint Louis Review.
The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes Saint Louis University's Center for Liturgy, a most excellent site. This link takes you to six scripture essays. Atop the page, in fine print, is a link to "... Sunday Webiste Home." That page has links to even richer resources.

Most welcome here are Reginald Fuller's commentaries.

Caveat lector! As of May 1, 2014, Lector's Notes author is guessing about the exact future web address of the SLU offerings. If you get "Error 404, page not found," try this link.

The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.


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Last modified: May 2, 2014